Print

Effects of impurities in carbon dioxide on the carbon transport and storage chain optimization

What are the effects of impurities in carbon dioxide on the carbon transport and storage chain optimization? 

Rien Herber (Photo: EDGaR/Jan Buwalda)

Summary

An important aspect of carbon dioxide (CO2) transport and storage is the purity of the CO2 product. Depending on the source, a CO2 product stream will contain contaminants, which may cause unwanted effects during transport and/or storage. Requirements for CO2 purity will impact the degree of purification, and thereby the costs for CO2 separation. Regarding transport, CO2 purity determines the energy requirement, infrastructure integrity and legal aspects. Aspects such as phase separation, hydrate formation and the presence of corrosive components are directly related to the impurities present. Moreover, if the CO2 originates from different sources, different types and degrees of impurities will lead to legal uncertainties. Regarding storage, CO2 purity relates to well integrity and injectivity as well as long-term cap-rock seal integrity. It can thus be stated that the production, transport and storage of CO2 have each their own characteristic requirements for CO2 purity. Depending on the nature of the additional components and their levels, these requirements can be mutual or contradictory, yet they have to be met within the full chain.

ThemeFrom monogas to multigas
Leader: Rien Herber (RUG)
Partners: University of Groningen, Gasunie (research performed by DNV GL), Hanze University Groningen, ECN 
Budget: 2.1 million euros
Duration: October 2010 / February 2015

Participants

Ramon Alberts (Hanze University of Groningen)
Mohammad Ahmad (DNV GL)
Panteha Bolourinejad (University of Groningen)
Eric van Dijk (ECN)
Sander Gersen (DNV GL)
Rien Herber (University of Groningen)

Journal article

Ahmad, A., S. Gersen.“ “Water solubility in CO2 mixtures: experimental and modelling investigation”.” Energy Procedia 63 (2014): 2402–11.

Bolourinejad, P., R. Herber. "Experimental and modeling study of storage of CO2 and impurities in a depleted gas field in northeast Netherlands.” Energy Procedia 63 (2014): 2811–20.

Bolourinejad, Panteha, P. Shoeibi Omrani, Rien Herber. “Effect of reactive surface area of minerals on mineralization due to CO2 injection in a depleted gas reservoir.” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 21 (2014): 11–22.

Bolourinejad, Panthea, Rien Herber. “Experimental and modeling study of salt precipitation during Injection of CO2 contaminated with H2S into depleted gas fields in Northeast Netherlands.”  SPE Journal (2013): paper no 164932.

Gersen, Sander, M. Ahmad, E. Wilbers.“Solubility of water in CO2 mixtures at pipeline operation conditions.” International Journal of Chemical, Materials Science and Engineering 8, 4 (2014): 1–6.

Gersen, Sander, M. van Essen, P. Visser, M. Ahmad, A. Mokhov, A. Sepman, R. Alberts, A. Douma, H. Levinsky.“Detection of H2S, SO2 and NO2 in CO2 at pressures ranging from 1-40 bar by using broadband absorption spectroscopy in the UV/VIS range.” Energy Procedia 63 (2014): 2570–82.

Thesis

Baritantonaki, Angeliki. “An experimental study of dolomite dissolution rates at conditions relevant to carbon  sequestration: A case study on the Rotliegend gas fields.” MSc. thesis, University of Groningen, 2014.

Bos, Janno. “Design of a high pressure optical cell for detection of impurities in CO2.” BSc. thesis, Hanze University of Applied Sciences Groningen, 2011.

Broekema, Piete. Quantitative measurements of H2O concentrations in a CO2 gas flow using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy.  MSc. Thesis, University of Gronignen, 2012.

Douma, Arno. “Direct absorption measurements of H2O, H2S, NO2 and SO2 in CO2 gas at 1, 2 and 40 bar.” BSc. thesis, Hanze University of Applied Sciences Groningen, 2014.

Fabbri, Eric. Tail Gas Treatment of SEWGS Technology. MSc. thesis, École Ingénieur Chimie Montpellier, 2011. (Also published as paper ECN-E--11-067.)

Goot, Tim van der. Experimental study on the effects of CO2 injection contaminated with H2S on reservoir and caprock samples and Exploration on measurement of Specific Surface Area of minerals with image processing techniques. MSc. thesis, University of Groningen, 2012.

Wikkerink, Djurre. The Feasibility of Using Absorption Spectroscopy in Order to Measure NO2, SO2 and H2O cConcentrations in a CO2 Gas Flow. MSc. Thesis, Hanzehogeschool Groningen, 2012.

Poster

Ahmad, A., S. Gersen. “Water solubility in CO2 mixtures: experimental and modelling investigation.” GHGT-12 Austin, 2014. 

Gersen, Sander, Martijn van Essen, Pieter Visser, Mohammad Ahmad, Anatoli Mokhov, Alexey Sepman, Ramon Alberts, Arno Douma, Howard Levinsky. “Detection of H2S, SO2 and NO2 in CO2 at pressures ranging from 1-40 bar by using broadband absorption spectroscopy in the UV/VIS range.”  Enabling Sustainability with Gas: Closing Conference of the Energy Delta Gas Research, Amsterdam, March 2015.

Gersen, S, van Essen, M, Visser, P, Ahmad, M, Mokhov, A, Sepman, A, Alberts, R, Douma, A, Levinsky, H, Detection of H2S, SO2 and NO2 in CO2 at pressures ranging from 1-40 bar by using broadband absorption spectroscopy in the UV/VIS area., GHGT-12 Austin; 2014.

Working papers

Dijk, H.A.J. van. “Tail gas treatment of sour-SEWGS CO2 product.” Petten: ECN, working paper ECN-E--12-025, 2012.

Walspurger, Stéphane, H.A.J. van Dijk. “EDGAR CO2 purity: type and quantities of impurities related to CO2 point source and capture technology: a Literature study.” Petten: ECN, working paper ECN-E--12-054, 2012.

Reports

Douma, Arno. “Direct absorption measurements of H2O, H2S, NO2 and SO2 in CO2 gas at 1, 2 and 40 bar.” Groningen: DNV GL, unpublished report; BSc, Hanze University of Applied Science, 2014.

Conference papers

Bolourinejad, Panteha, Rien Herber. “Experimental and modeling study of storage of CO2 and impurities in a depleted gas field in northeast Netherlands.” 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Technology Conference, Austin, October 2014.

Bolourinejad, Panteha, P. Shoeibi Omrani, Rien Herber. “Effect of reactive surface area of minerals on mineralization due to CO2 injection in a depleted gas reservoir.” Fourth European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers CO2 Workshop, Stavanger, April 2014. 

Bolourinejad, Panteha, Rien Herber. “Improvement of modeling parameters: geochemical processes during CO2 storage.” Nottingham, February 2014.

Bolourinejad, Panthera, Rien Herber. “Experimental study of CO2 injection with SO2 impurities in depleted gas fields in Northeast Netherlands.” Second Sustainable Earth Sciences Conference and Exhibition, Pau, September 2013.

Bolourinejad, Panthera, Rien Herber. “Experimental and modeling study of salt precipitation during injection of CO2 contaminated with H2S into depleted gas fields in Northeast Netherlands.” 75th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition, London, June 2013.

Bolourinejad, Panteha, M.A. Herber. ‘The effects of CO2 on reservoir and seal quality during storage in depleted Rotliegend gasfields in NE Netherlands.’ 3rd EAGE CO2 Geological Storage Workshop, Edinburgh, March 2012.

Bolourinejad, Panteha. ‘The effects of CO2 and impurities on reservoir and caprock quality during storage in depleted gas fields.’ Presentation to the management of Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij, Assen, May 2012.

Herber, Rien. "Effects of impurities in carbon dioxide on the carbon capture, transport and storage chain optimization." Enabling Sustainability with Gas: Closing Conference of the Energy Delta Gas Research, Amsterdam, March 2015.

Herber, Rien. “Effects of impurities in carbon dioxide on the carbon transport and storage chain optimization.” Fifth Research Day of the Energy Delta Gas Research, Nunspeet, April 2013.