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Effects of narrow and wide band gases on integrity and safety of the Dutch gas grid

What are the consequences of the narrow and wide band gases on the safety and integrity of the gas grid?

Martin Hommes and Karen van Bloemendaal (photo: EDGaR/Jan Buwalda)

Summary

In this project, we investigate the integrity and safety consequences for the transporting and the safety consequences for distributing narrow and wide band gases. About the integrity consequences, we focus on the determination of specifications for narrow and wide band gases by taking into account the conditions in the transmission grid and all of its aspects. This includes high pressure and regional pipelines, underground storage, compressor and gas delivery stations. Moreover, we take into account the most important metallic and plastic materials. About the safety consequences in the transmission grid, we focus on the determination of the social and personal risks. We aim at a quantification of the risks related to transport of the narrow and wide band gases. If deemed necessary, we will adjust the existing prescribed methodologies and software. The safety consequences in the distribution grid focus on the risks for people working in and living nearby the gas distribution grid. We have to determine the toxicity and migration in soils of the narrow and wide band gases. This project will be executed in close cooperation with other projects that focus on the material failure in the distribution grid.

ThemeFrom monogas to multigas
Leader: Karen van Bloemendaal (DNV GL, on behalf of Gasunie))
Partners: Gasunie (research performed by DNV KEMA), Kiwa, Enexis, Liander, Stedin
Budget: 1.6 million euro
Duration: July 2011 / January 2015

Participants

Rob Beks (DNV GL)
Karen van Bloemendaal (DNV GL)
Maarten Duyff (DNV GL)
Rosemarie van Eekelen (DNV GL)
Kristen van Gorkum (Enexis)
Martin Hommes (DNV GL)
Sander Huitema (DNV GL)
Michiel van der Laan (KIWA)
Cees Pulles (KIWA)
Victoria Monsma (DNV GL)

Reports

Hommes, Martin, L. G. Soer. Een initiële screening van de invloed van nieuwe gassen op metalen: een inventarisatie en kwalitatieve ranking van degradatiemechanismen ten gevolge van het invoeden van nieuwe gassen in het Gasunie netwerk. (Groningen: KEMA, 2012, report GCS 12.R.52866, 20120816.)

Hommes, Martin, V.M. Monsma, W. Sloterdijk. Follow-up study regarding integrity risks of introducing new gases in the Dutch gas transmission network. (Groningen: DNV KEMA, 2013, report GCS 13.R.53892, 20131210.)

Laan, Michiel van der. Report C1 Migration of heavy gasses. (Appeldoorn: KIWA, 2013, GT-130059, 10-11-2013.)

Maarten Duyff, Martin Hommes. Samenstelling van nieuwe aardgassen en duurzame gassen. (Groningen: KEMA, 2011, report GCS 11.R.51986, 20110711.)

Monsma V. Een initiële screening van de invloed van nieuwe gassen op kunststoffe Een inventarisatie en kwalitatieve ranking van degradatiemechanismen ten gevolge van het invoeden van nieuwe gassen in het Gasunie netwerk. (Groningen: KEMA, 2012 report GCS 12.R.52865, 20120816.)

Pulles, Cees. EDGaR C1 literatuurstudie toxiciteit biogas. (Appeldoorn: KIWA, 2012, GT- 120367, 18122012.)

Poster

Bloemendaal, Karen van, Martin Hommes. “Ensuring integrity in a changing gas world.” Enabling Sustainability with Gas: Closing Conference of the Energy Delta Gas Research, Amsterdam, March 2015.

Gersen, Sander, Karen van Bloemendaal. “On safely admitting hydrogen to natural gas.” Enabling Sustainability with Gas: Closing Conference of the Energy Delta Gas Research, Amsterdam, March 2015.

Hommes, Martin, Maarten Duyff. “Transporting ‘new’ gases in natural gas pipelines: how about internal corrosion?” Enabling Sustainability with Gas: Closing Conference of the Energy Delta Gas Research, Amsterdam, March 2015.

Laan, Michiel van der. “Experiments with dispersion of gasses with various densities through soil.” Fifth Research Day of the Energy Delta Gas Research, Nunspeet, April 2013.

Pulles, C.J.A., M. van der Laan. “Is biogas less safe (than natural gas)? Enabling Sustainability with Gas: Closing Conference of the Energy Delta Gas Research, Amsterdam, March 2015.

Conference papers

Bloemendaal, Karen van. "Better safe than sorry: safety and integrity aspects of using natural gas infrastructure to transport 'new' gases." Enabling Sustainability with Gas: Closing Conference of the Energy Delta Gas Research, Amsterdam, March 2015.

Duyff, Maarten, Sander Huitema. “Temperature predictions in gas outflow.” Fifth Research Day of the Energy Delta Gas Research, Nunspeet, April 2013.

Hommes, Martin, Wytze Sloterdijk, Maurice Gielisse. "Prioritizing threats in gas pipeline systems: An example related to transporting renewable and unconventional gases." 8th Pipeline Technology Conference, Hannover, March 2013.

Laan, Michiel van der. “Veiligheid van de gasdistributie”, EDGaR Themadag, Apeldoorn, 4 December 2014.

Laan, Michiel van der. “Experiments with dispersion of gasses with various densities through soil.” Fifth Research Day of the Energy Delta Gas Research, Nunspeet, April 2013.

Pulles, Kees. “EDGaR C1 safety: effect of narrow and wide band gasses on the integrity and safety of the Dutch gas grid distribution.” Themamiddag EDGaR, Apeldoorn, April 2013.

Other publication

Laan, Michiel van der. “Onderzoek naar verspreiding van (bio)gas in de bodem afgerond.” Nieuwsbrief Kenniscentrum Gasnetbeheer (December 2013).

Pulles, Kees. ‘Hoe verspreidt (bio)gas zich in de bodem?’ Nieuwsbrief Kenniscentrum Gasnetbeheer 2012-02 (2012): 2-3.

Pulles, Cees. “EDGaR C1 literatuurstudie toxiciteit biogas.” Nieuwsbrief Kenniscentrum Gasnetbeheer (2013).

In the news

"Chaging gas quality and security." Energy Delta Gas Research, 16 April 2013.